Health and Fitness

5 Causes of chronic kidney disease and how to prevent it

Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic kidney failure or chronic renal disease, involves a gradual loss of kidney function. The kidneys are responsible for filtering excess fluids and wastes from the blood that are removed through the urine. According to the best kidney doctor in Karachi, chronic kidney disease can cause dangerous levels of electrolytes, fluid, and waste to build up in the body.

In the early stage of kidney disease, you may experience a few signs and symptoms of this disease. These symptoms can include;

  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Urinating more or less
  • Loss of appetite
  • Decreased mental sharpness
  • High blood pressure
  • Chest pain (angina), when fluid or waste build up around the heart
  • Swelling of the ankles or feet
  • Itchy or dry skin
  • Shortness of breath, when fluid builds up in your lungs
  • Muscle cramps
  • Blood in the pee
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

The doctors give the name chronic kidney disease when the kidneys do not work properly for more than three months. Kidneys do not function properly due to several reasons. These reasons are;

  • High Blood Pressure

There are increased risks that high blood pressure can damage blood vessels in your kidneys, so they do not function properly. The kidneys do not work well to remove wastes and extra fluids from the body if blood vessels of the kidneys are damaged. When kidneys do not remove extra fluid, it builds up in the blood vessels and then may increase your blood pressure even more. And a rise in blood pressure may lead to kidney failure.

  • Diabetes

Excessive glucose, also known as sugar, in the blood damages the kidney’s filters. Over a period of time, the kidneys become so damaged that they no longer work well, filtering extra fluid and wastes from the blood. Usually, protein in the urine is the first sign of kidney disease caused by diabetes. When the kidney’s filters are damaged, a protein is known as albumin, which you need to maintain your health, passes out of the blood into the urine. Healthy kidneys do not let albumin pass out of the blood in the urine. Medically, diabetic kidney disease is the name for disease when diabetes damages the kidneys.

  • High Cholesterol

When you experience high cholesterol, the arteries get clogged with low-density lipoproteins. These lipoproteins make it harder for the kidneys to work properly.

  • Kidney Infections

A kidney infection which is, also known as pyelonephritis you usually experience when viruses or bacteria cause problems in the kidneys. This infection is a type of urinary tract infection. However, the kidneys remove extra fluid through the pee. Therefore, if you do not treat kidney infection at the beginning, then it may lead to chronic kidney disease.

  • Viral Illnesses

Long-lasting viral diseases such as hepatitis B, AIDS, HIV, and hepatitis C can also increase the risks of chronic kidney disease. In addition, there are also some factors that can increase the chances of this disease. These factors are;

  • Abnormal kidney structure
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Heart disease
  • Family history of kidney disease
  • Frequent medication use that can damage the kidneys
  • Older age

How to Prevent Chronic Kidney Disease?

To reduce the chances of developing chronic kidney disease;

  • Follow Instructions about Medication’s use

Always follow the instructions on the medicine’s package when you are using nonprescription pain killers such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, and aspirin. Excessive use of pain relievers for a long time can increase the risks of kidney damage.

  • Stop Smoking

Too much cigarette smoking can damage the kidneys and can make existing kidney damage worse. If you often smoke, then talk to your doctor for strategies to quit smoking. Some medicine use, support groups, and counseling can help you to stop smoking.

  • Get Rid of Obesity

Most people who are not active may experience obesity. Therefore, if you are experiencing a healthy weight, try to maintain it by being physically active for most days of the week. If you are willing to lose weight, then talk to the nutritionist about strategies for healthy weight loss to prevent chronic kidney disease.

  • Control the Medical Conditions

If you are experiencing diseases that are linked with the increased risks of chronic kidney disease, then work with the doctor to control these symptoms to reduce the risks of kidney damage.

  • Eat A Healthy Diet

A healthy diet low in cholesterol and sugar and high in fiber such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains can help to prevent weight gain, which eventually helps to prevent kidney disease.

  • Drink Enough Water

Dehydration can reduce blood flow to the kidneys, which may cause damage to them. Drink an appropriate amount of water daily to avoid kidney problems.


There are several reasons that can increase the risks of chronic kidney disease symptoms. These symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, etc. However, it is easy to prevent by losing weight and drink a plenty of water.

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