Health and Fitness

All you need to know about Dandruff

Dandruff is a skin condition characterized by excessive shedding of the outer layer of the upper-most layer of your scalp. The best-medicated shampoo for dandruff in India can help you get the best deal. It is also known as seborrhoeic dermatitis and may involve parts of the neck, shoulders, upper back, eyebrows and eyelids.

In most cases, it is not due to dryness but from an overgrowth of a type fungus called Malassezia or Pityrosporum ovale. The fungus is usually found on the hair follicles of healthy individuals and not in large numbers as it does in dandruff. Dandruff is also a harmless condition and is often accompanied by itching symptoms, redness, flaking, and even scaling of the scalp or face.

How does Dandruff Develop?

Dandruff can develop in response to changes in climate. This is called seasonal dandruff. Medicated anti-dandruff shampoo in India Dandruff often occurs during the summer months because of its humidity and lack of sunlight. It also occurs during the winter months due to dryness, wind and change in temperature. Some people with dandruff, especially women, tend to have it more often on the upper part of their head ( forehead ) rather than the lower part due to activity in those areas such as combing, washing hair etc. Dandruff also affects an estimated 2% of people worldwide.

Causes of Dandruff?

The exact cause of dandruff is unknown. However, various factors contribute to the onset of dandruff:

  1. Genetics, Race, Gender and Age: People with fair hair, white skin and a family history of dandruff are more prone to develop it. Also, people with Asian or dark skin are less likely to experience dandruff. It often affects women more than men because it flows in the female side of their family tree. It is also common for teenagers and young adults because their bodies are going through rapid changes/stress at this time.
  1. Medication: Certain medicines and drugs may lead to dandruff. These include some anti-depressants, antihistamines, oral contraceptives, creams and lotions prepared for treating eczema, psoriasis and other skin conditions.
  1. Dryness: Factors that make dryness of the scalp are often related to dandruff. These include a change in season from summer to winter or from winter to summer, which changes weather conditions, i.e. windy, dry or humid.

Benefits of ketoconazole shampoo

Ketoconazole shampoo is a common type of shampoo used to rid the scalp of dandruff. It works by reducing the inflammation of skin cells and sebum, which leads to a reduction in dandruff. The ingredients contained within the shampoo include ketoconazole

Ketoconazole is a medication commonly found in anti-fungal creams, lotions, and shampoos. This specific ingredient is an anti-androgenic agent that works by decreasing the release of sebum. This leads to minor flaking and fewer dandruff symptoms. While this ingredient is quite effective at reducing dandruff, it also reduces hair growth. This has led to a reduction of the use of this ingredient in high concentrations. However, it can be used in low concentrations to reduce dandruff without excessively affecting hair growth.


Many people have found success using ketoconazole shampoo as a means of ridding the scalp of dandruff. It contains one of the most common ingredients that are used for treatment purposes and is readily available at most pharmacies and grocery stores. Most don’t have to worry about side effects either. The only noted side effect from using this shampoo is an increased sensitivity to sunlight, which is rare.

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