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Litchi Cultivation In India – The Farm-To-Table Process

Litchi Cultivation In India

Litchi, a popular fruit in India, is known for its juicy and sweet flesh. It has a seed in the middle with a thick peel outside the fruit. The scientific name of Litchi is Litchi chinensis, and it comes from the Sapindaceae family. Moreover, this fruit is widely consumed for its delicious taste and to decrease the chances of cancer and heart disease. Litchi originated in China and is a perennial plant which attains a height of more than 5 metres. It is a subtropical plant with dense light green leaves and spreading branches, and it is a value-for-money plant due to its low-cost cultivation. Moreover, if you are willing to know about the entire process of litchi farming, then this is the right place.

Litchi Health Benefits

Litchi balances blood pressure and maintains a proper heartbeat to prevent the risk of strokes. It has significant amounts of magnesium and phosphorus for bone health. In addition, it helps in blood circulation and weight loss. Apart from these, Litchi is rich in antioxidants to fight a number of diseases. Also, it gives us healthy skin by providing reasonable amounts of vitamin C. This fruit is also beneficial for proper digestion and increasing appetite.

Requirements & Essential Steps For Litchi Farming

Below is detailed information on how this tasty fruit is grown on a large scale.

Temperature & Climate

Litchi grows best in moist or humid conditions, and it needs a well-distributed rainfall for proper growth. Furthermore, the recommended temperature for high-quality Litchi ranges from 30° to 33° celsius. Note that excess hot winds damage the plant, and it is prone to frost also.

Suitable Soil

Litchi can tolerate a number of soils, but the preferred soil for Litchi is well-drained deep loam soil with sufficient amounts of organic matter. However, if the soil is rich in lime, then Litchi can also be grown in light sandy soils. Also, it requires a pH 5.0 to 7.0 pH range for good plant development.

Land Preparation

The soil should be ploughed evenly, and all the crop residues should be removed. Moreover, we can use the Massey 7250 for better ploughing throughout the field. Also, tall plants such as Eucalyptus or mango are planted on the borders in order to break the winds.

Planting

The preferred size of the pits is 1m x 1m x 1m, and the distance between each plant row should be 10 metres. Before planting, a 2 kg bone meal and 300 grams muriate per pit is recommending as a fertilizer. Also, 25 kg of farmyard manure is provided to each pit to ensure better soil health.

Weed Control

It is necessary to prevent weeds in the beginning phase, and harrowing & ploughing is the ideal method for weeding. This process is done once after the monsoon in October and during the harvesting season in June-July. There is another method for weed control called Mulching, and it effectively controls weed growth in Litchi.

Irrigation

Litchi needs 3 irrigations almost every 45 to 60 days in winters, whereas it requires water every 2 weeks during an excessive hot season. The ideal methods for irrigation are drip irrigation, basin and ring system irrigation.

Pruning

This is a crucial process in Litchi cultivation, and it complete to ensure proper fruit-bearing in Litchi plants. This also helps to shape the canopy and structure of the plant. It includes cutting the dead branches and stems to provide enough sunlight to reach the plant and fruits.

Manuring

Litchi requires 10 to 20 Kg of farmyard manure per plant per year when the plants are 1-3 years old and when the litchi plants reach the age of more than 10 years, they need 60 kg farmyard manure per plant in one year. Furthermore, we can use the Mahindra tractor 475 for even distribution of manure.

Harvesting

Litchi takes around 5 to 6 years for fruiting, and the ripening starts 100 days after flowering. This is complete manually by cutting the stem, which contains clusters of litchi fruits. Usually, the litchi yield is 40 to 100 kg of fruit per tree in one year. 

So, these are the necessary processes through which Litchi goes before reaching our homes. Hope you enjoyed this blog and obtained all the information regarding Litchi Farming. For more such blogs, stay connected with us.

It has a seed in the middle with a thick peel outside the fruit. The scientific name of Litchi is Litchi chinensis, and it comes from the Sapindaceae family. Moreover, this fruit is widely consumes for its delicious taste and to decrease the chances of cancer and heart disease. Litchi originated in China and is a perennial plant which attains a height of more than 5 metres. It is a subtropical plant with dense light green leaves and spreading branches, and it is a value-for-money plant due to its low-cost cultivation. Moreover, if you are willing to know about the entire process of litchi farming, then this is the right place.

Litchi Health Benefits

Litchi balances blood pressure and maintains a proper heartbeat to prevent the risk of strokes. It has significant amounts of magnesium and phosphorus for bone health. In addition, it helps in blood circulation and weight loss. Apart from these, Litchi is rich in antioxidants to fight a number of diseases. Also, it gives us healthy skin by providing reasonable amounts of vitamin C. This fruit is also beneficial for proper digestion and increasing appetite.

Requirements & Essential Steps For Litchi Farming

Temperature & Climate

Litchi grows best in moist or humid conditions, and it needs a well-distributed rainfall for proper growth. Furthermore, the recommended temperature for high-quality Litchi ranges from 30° to 33° celsius. Note that excess hot winds damage the plant, and it is prone to frost istanbul escort also.

Land Preparation

The soil plougheing evenly, and all the crop residues removes. Moreover, we can use the Massey 7250 for better ploughing throughout the field. Also, tall plants such as Eucalyptus or mango are plants on the borders in order to break the winds.

Planting

Litchi is planting from August to September, and the first step in Litchi planting is digging the pits. The preferred size of the pits is 1m x 1m x 1m, and the distance between each plant row should be 10 metres.

Weed Control

It is necessary to prevent weeds in the beginning phase, and harrowing & ploughing is the ideal method for weeding. This process finished once after the monsoon in October and during the harvesting season in June-July. There is another method for weed control calls Mulching, and it effectively controls weed growth in Litchi.

Irrigation

Litchi needs 3 irrigations almost every 45 to 60 days in winters, whereas it requires water every 2 weeks during an excessive hot season. The ideal methods for irrigation are drip irrigation, basin and ring system irrigation.

Pruning

This is a crucial process in Litchi cultivation, and it is ensure proper fruit-bearing in Litchi plants. This also helps to shape the canopy and structure of the plant. It includes cutting the dead branches and stems to provide enough sunlight to reach the plant and fruits.

Manuring

Litchi requires 10 to 20 Kg of farmyard manure per plant per year when the plants are 1-3 years old and when the litchi plants reach the age of more than 10 years, they need 60 kg farmyard manure per plant in one year. Furthermore, we can use the Mahindra tractor 475 for even distribution of manure.

Harvesting

Litchi takes around 5 to 6 years for fruiting, and the ripening starts 100 days after flowering. Usually, the litchi yield is 40 to 100 kg of fruit per tree in one year.

So, these are the necessary processes through which Litchi goes before reaching our homes. Hope you enjoyed this blog and obtained all the information regarding Litchi Farming. For more such blogs, stay connected with us.

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