VoIP helps to transmit phone calls on the high-speed internet rather than using traditional phone calls. VoIP is the integration resource and best way of saving money. The fraudsters also use VoIP (voice-over-internet protocol) for committing the crime. There were 46% of fraudulent calls that were made on the VoIP phone system in the first half of the year 2012.
The calls are not directly transferred to the recipient’s computer. The VoIP wholesalers and computer experts belong to different levels of reselling. They get more successful attacks. The availability of VoIP is more beneficial for the people.
The PSTN attacks that stem from the traditional phone system are more common threats for VoIP deployment. You must need to know how these attacks ruin your business, and what these types of attacks are. And how to prevent them from these attacks.
Different Types of VoIP Fraud Attacks
To save from the SIP VoIP attacks. You must need to know about the form. You find multiple types of SIP VoIP attacks. These types appear from type to type.
It may also include call reselling, FAS (false answer supervision) WANGIRI, IRSF (International Revenue Share Fraud), domestic fraud, hacking of PBX. It is one of the most popular. Some of the types of SIP VoIP fraud attacks.
Most common SIP/VoIP Fraud Attacks:
Now, you must know about the 8 most common types of SIP VoIP attacks. You must be aware of these attacks.
PBX Hacking is the most SIP VoIP attack. The process mainly used the different types of IP PBX hacking software to easily gain access. Once the access is granted, the traffic is going to increase. The attackers can also use this process to initiate calls to the Prime numbers.
Denial of Services (DoS):
DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) is one of the serious threats on the VoIP phone. The main purpose of the DDoS attack is to overload an unwanted system. Excessive requests are made to the existing system to be shut down. The DDoS attackers will try to compromise other nodes of the system. They insert trojan attacks and identify the original address.
Bypass fraud occurs when unauthorized traffic attempts to access the network of another operator. The fraudsters’ goal is to get around the typical international billing system by making international calls appear to be cheap domestic calls.
Robocalling and CLI Spoofing:
A hacker can impersonate a trustworthy individual to an organization by spoofing a victim’s caller ID. Scammers can use this method to call victims and ask for personal information, bank account numbers, and one-time passwords in order to perpetrate a cybercrime. To create traffic, hackers or scammers employ automated systems. A bot capable of generating large amounts of traffic.
VoIP traffic is sent to the IP network in an unencrypted way, as opposed to traditional telephone networks. Because no encryption is utilized for data transport, session sniffing becomes easy.
Reselling is What it’s Known as:
Wholesalers add locations to their price lists at significantly reduced prices in this form of scam. These deals entice other wholesalers to join in. Wholesalers utilize it as a switch to infiltrate the PBX because blocking traffic considerably below the regular price isn’t a practical option. Wholesalers don’t have to pay any costs, and customers whose PBXs are hacked for traffic are charged.
FAS (False Answer Supervision):
FAS is a sort of fraud in which one party in the traffic flow chain delivers a fake signal indicating that the call has been established when none has been. When the call time surpasses the correct value, billing is initiated. The connection time, finished calls, unconnected calls, and setting up completed calls are all billed to the caller. Although the caller is unable to connect with the called party, he must pay for the call time (related to answering calls).
These are the most important signs of FAS –
- A high response seizure ratio
- Reduced ACD
- Calls that are brief
- Almost 100% of the time, he hangs up on calls.
Apart from that, the FAS detection Switch may be used to identify mixed FAS, which is extremely prevalent and done on purpose by con artists.
SIP Registration Attack
SIP registration hacking is a key VoIP security issue. The attacker separates users via a Denial of Service attack and attempts to register with his IP address rather than the user’s IP address. As a result, even before the SIP session is formed, a registration process takes place, which might be exploited by an attacker.
How to Protect Yourself from SIP/VoIP Fraud
Session border controllers help operators and service providers protect their VoIP infrastructure, reduce difficulties, and regulate access to VoIP services. To avoid fraud and service theft, the SBC can provide strong protection for IP communication infrastructure. SBC is meant to support a variety of SIP interoperability and provide guaranteed service for secure VoIP network connections.
The increasing popularity of VoIP. The VoIP service Provider uses a more powerful and more complex system. VoIP Providers and different companies work together to ensure full security of the network If you analyze the traffic and protect the network. It also detects the signs of fraud. As a result, the VoIP USA service providers help to minimize the risk of fraud. It will continue to be a profitable business activity.
Apply a Strong Password :
You must secure your user name and password. You can use the mixture of uppercase, lowercase, standard uppercase, numbers and symbols. So, you need to type these characters many times. If you are using a phone. You can also keep a note on your phone. You should not give access to these passwords to anyone. If you give me access. You always remember you must change these passwords. If the employee leaves the job or is terminated from the job because of any reason. The best VoIP service Providers help you a lot to protect your VoIP phone system.